“First, do no harm” ( Primum non nocere in Latin )
The concept of “First, do no harm” in the practice of medicine is prevelant in virtually every society throughout humankind’s written history. Oaths were a form of a strong binding commitment within the medical profession. And, for many many years oaths were taken so much more seriously even to the point of dire consequences. When religions and kings were the ruling force in societies, those oaths were usually taken with the particular diety or king in mind. Sometimes they were one and the same. Either way they were a force one would have to reckon with if the oath were ever broken. If the diety didn’t get to you for malfeasance then your king did or you god/king did.
The United Stated for the most part is settled by those influenced by western ideologies and principles. Those roots come heavily from Greek and Roman influences. And so it is only fitting that as society has become more “civilized” it created a system of oaths and principles to hopefully improve our lot individually and communally.
In going through my formative educational years, the Hippocratic Oath was spoken of even outside of the medical profession. Hippocrates was able to influence the change from medicine being mystical and religious oriented and directed it towards the science of cause and effect. His ideas in the western world had such impact, that he is known as the “father of modern medicine”.
Here is a list of the ones that I could find that seemed to impact their respective societies.
• The code of HAMMURABI 1792–1750 BCE;
• VAIDYA’S oath, somewhere in the 1600s BCE;
• HIPPOCRATIC Oath, somewhere around 4 BCE;
• SUN SIMIAO OATH (581–682 CE), also known as the “Chinese Hippocrates”;
• ASAPH OATH – somewhere around 600 CE;
• THE OATH OF MAIMONIDES – somewhere around the 1500s CE;
• The 17 rules of ENJUIN – somewhere around the 1500s CE, Japan;
• AMA Code of Medical Ethics, 1847 American Medical Association code of ethics;
• American Board Of Internal Medicine.
HERE ARE SOME EXCEPTS FROM DIFFERENT ERAS AND PLACES AROUND THE WORLD. THIS IS PART I OF A TWO PART BLOG.
PART II WILL VIRTUALLY BRING US TO OUR PRESENT 21st Century time.
THE CODE of HAMMURABI
HAMMURABI’S tablet of almost 300 Babylonian laws is one the most renown in all of history. It inferred the concepts of Primum non nocere or “First, do no harm”. It also included rules for physicians of the day that may seem severe by today’s standards. I do wonder though would there be less malpractice and litigation if those rules were in place today ? Just wondering.
215. If a physician make a large incision with an operating knife and cure it, or if he open a tumor (over the eye) with an operating knife, and saves the eye, he shall receive ten shekels in money.
216. If the patient be a freed man, he receives five shekels.
217. If he be the slave of some one, his owner shall give the physician two shekels.
218. If a physician make a large incision with the operating knife, and kill him, or open a tumor with the operating knife, and cut out the eye, his hands shall be cut off.
219. If a physician make a large incision in the slave of a freed man, and kill him, he shall replace the slave with another slave.
220. If he had opened a tumor with the operating knife, and put out his eye, he shall pay half his value.
221. If a physician heal the broken bone or diseased soft part of a man, the patient shall pay the physician five shekels in money.
222. If he were a freed man he shall pay three shekels.
223. If he were a slave his owner shall pay the physician two shekels.
Around the 15th century BC it appears that privacy and ethical sexual conduct issues began being incorporated into a physician’s practice. This is seen in the The Indian Vaidya’s Oath.
This oath, was taken by Hindu physicians around the 15th century BCE.
• You must put behind you desire, anger, greed, folly, pride, egotism, jealousy,
harshness, calumny, falsehood, sloth, and improper conduct.
• With short-cut nails, ritually clean and clad in the orange garment, you must be .
pledged to truth, and full of reverence in addressing me …
• If, however, you behave perfectly, while I profess false views, I shall be guilty of sin
and my knowledge shall bear me no fruit.
• (after having finished your studies) with your medicaments you shall assist
Brahmins,venerable persons, poor people, women, ascetics, pious people seeking
your assistance, widows and orphans, and any one you meet on your errands, as if .
they were your own relatives. This will be right conduct …
Then Hippocrates appeared on the scene. He took medicine out of the mystic world and began applying scientific approaches of cause and affect.
HIPPOCRATIC OATH, ANCIENT
I swear by Apollo Physician and Asclepius and Hygieia and Panaceia and all the gods and goddesses, making them my witnesses, that I will fulfill according to my ability and judgment this oath and this covenant:
• To hold him who has taught me this art as equal to my parents
— to live my life in partnership with him.
— if he is in need of money to give him a share of mine,
— to regard his offspring as equal to my brothers in male lineage and to teach them this art, If they desire to
learn it without fee and covenant;
• to give a share of precepts and oral instruction and all the other learning to my sons
and to the sons of him who has instructed me and to pupils who have signed the covenant and have taken an oath
according to the medical law, but no one else.
• I will apply dietetic measures for the benefit of the sick according to my ability and judgment;
• I will keep them from harm and injustice.
• I will neither give a deadly drug to anybody who asked for it, nor will I make a suggestion to this effect.
• Similarly I will not give to a woman an abortive remedy. In purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art.
• I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but will withdraw in favor of such men as are engaged in this work.
• Whatever houses I may visit, I will come for the benefit of the sick, remaining free of all intentional injustice, of all mischief and in particular of sexual relations with both female and male persons, be they free or slaves.
• What I may see or hear in the course of the treatment or even outside of the treatment in regard to the life of men, which on no account one must spread abroad, I will keep to myself, holding such things shameful to be spoken about.
• If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame among all men for all time to come; if I transgress it and swear falsely, may the opposite of all this be my lot.
What does this have to do with Cieaura’s holographic chip? Simple. Though our products do not diagnosis, cure, mitigate treatment or prevent disease or any other medical condition, it is this non-transdermal chip that influences adjusts and balances our body’s inner energy flow. It is a unique and safe way to help our body help itself, for nothing enters it.
If you are a lay person or a professional who understands the concept of Qi, Chakras, energy flow, or who is looking for alternative holistic approaches to helping the body help itself then you should definitely look here.
In case you are wondering how to say the name Cieaura here it is — See-ah-ra.
You can read more about how Cieaura products work towards meeting the objective of Primum non nocere at :
Here’s To Your Health,
March 02, 2013
If you have questions concerning this product and how it might help you, feel free to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
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Cieaura products do not diagnose, cure, mitigate treatment or prevent disease or any other medical condition.
Content published here is not read or approved by CieAura before it is posted and does not necessarily represent the views and opinions of CieAura.